Time Expressions 3.2

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Time Expressions 3.2

Bu derste, Simple Past ve Present Perfect ile sıkça kullanılan zaman ifadelerine göz atacağız.

Past Simple

last

night, week, month, year

yesterday

-, evening

2,3… days,weeks,months,years

a/1 minute, an/1 hour, 1/a day, 1/a month, 1/a year

many days, weeks, months, years 

a long time

ago

in

2,3… hours, days, weeks, months, years 

1/an hour, 1/an day, 1/a month etc.

Once upon a time

+ past time clause

when

+ past time clause

Örnekler:

They went on holiday last month. Geçen ay tatile gittiler.

I visited my best friend yesterday. Dün en yakın arkadaşımı ziyaret ettim.

We flew to Cleveland three weeks ago. Üç hafta önce Cleveland’e uçtuk.

I met her a long time ago. Onu çok uzun zaman önce tanıdım.

Once upon a time there was a bear…Bir zamanlar bir ayı varmış…

She left school in 2009. 2009’da okulu bıraktı.

I played football every day when I was at school. Okuldayken her gün futbol oynardım.

Present Perfect

ever/never

a period until now (in your lifetime). 

ever for questions. 

never for negative answers.

yet

until now, questions and negative answers.

just

a short time ago. 

Questions and positive sentences.

already

something is done sooner than expected. 

Questions and positive answers.

recently/in the last few days/all day/so far

Up until now

today/this evening/ this year

when these time periods are not finished.

for + period of time

for two hours, 3 days, 40 years

a week/month/year

for a long time

for ages

since + the start of a period

since 10 o’clock, Tuesday, 29 March, 2011, breakfast, I was a child, I was young, I came home

Örnekler:

Have you ever been to America? Hiç Amerika’ya gittin mi?

I have never been to America. Amerika’ya hiç gitmedim.

Have you finished yet? Henüz bitirmedin mi?

I have just finished. Az önce bitirdim.

Are you still writing the email? Hala e-posta mı yazıyorsun?

I have already finished. Bitirdim bile.

Have you seen Carolin recently? Son zamanlarda Carolin’I gördün mü?

No, I haven’t seen her for a long time. Hayır. Onu çok uzun zamandır görmedim.

I have been working all day. Bütün gündür çalışıyorum.

I have been learning English for 3 years. İngilizceyi 3 yıldır öğreniyorum.

I have been learning English since I was a young. Gençliğimden beri İngilizce öğreniyorum.

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